Construction and Development
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Amendments to Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Point Source Category
EPA has proposed changes to existing regulations that apply to stormwater discharges from construction activities. EPA is proposing to make changes to this rule in response to litigation filed by the Wisconsin Builders Association, the National Association of Home Builders and the Utility Water Act Group. EPA is proposing several changes to the non-numeric standards and monitoring requirements, as well as removing the numeric discharge standard. EPA will take public comment for 60 days upon its publication in the Federal Register. EPA previously published a final rule in December 2009 establishing effluent limitations guidelines for this category of dischargers.
- Fact Sheet for Proposed Amendments to the Construction and Development Regulation (PDF) (1 pg, 40K)
- Proposed Amendments to the Construction and Development Rule FR Notice | Print Version (PDF) (9 pp, 256K)
Settlement Agreement to Resolve Litigation on December 1, 2009 Final Rule
EPA has reached an agreement with the Wisconsin Builders Association, the National Association of Home Builders, and the Utility Water Act Group to settle litigation brought by these organizations in response to the final regulation establishing Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards for the Construction & Development Point Source Category. In the settlement agreement reached with the litigants, EPA has agreed to propose to amend several of the non-numeric/BMP requirements and to propose to withdraw the numeric limitation for turbidity. EPA has agreed to take these actions by April 15, 2013 and to accept public comment on this proposed action. EPA has agreed to take final action on the proposed rule by February 28, 2014.
Signed Settlement Agreement (PDF) (12 pp, 761K)
Status of Rulemaking to Revise Numeric Turbidity Limitation
The EPA issued a numeric limitation for turbidity in the 2009 final effluent guideline rule for the Construction and Development Point Source Category which established national monitoring requirements and enforceable numeric limitations on stormwater discharges from construction sites. Subsequently the EPA stayed the limitation to correct a calculation error that was identified in petitions filed by the Small Business Administration and the National Association of Home Builders. The EPA submitted a proposed rule to revise the turbidity limitation to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in December 2010. The EPA withdrew this proposal from OMB. In order to ensure that we adequately characterize the best performance achievable by the technology, EPA has decided to seek additional treatment performance data from construction and development sites.
Federal Register Notice Requesting Additional Data
EPA published a Federal Register notice on January 3, 2012 requesting additional data on the performance of technologies in controlling turbidity in stormwater discharges from construction sites. The notice also requests information on other topics relevant to establishing numeric effluent limitations for stormwater discharges from these sites, including sample collection, applicability to electric transmission line construction, cold weather considerations, and the ability of small sites to meet a numeric standard. EPA will use data and information submitted by the public in consideration of a future rulemaking for this category of dischargers.
Stay and Correction of the Numeric Limitation
Effective January 4, 2011, EPA has stayed the numeric limitation of 280 NTU that was published in the December 1, 2009, Construction and Development Effluent Limitation Guideline.
- Fact Sheet: Stay and Correction of the Numeric Limit for the Construction and Development ELGs (PDF) (2 pp, 104.3K)
- Direct Final Rule Staying Numeric Limitation | Print Version (PDF) (3 pp, 60K)
- Proposed Rule Staying Numeric Limitation | Print Version (PDF) (2 pp, 54K)
Final Effluent Guidelines
On December 1, 2009, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published effluent limitations guidelines (ELGs) and new source performance standards (NSPS) to control the discharge of pollutants from construction sites.
The regulation is effective on February 1, 2010. After this date, all permits issued by EPA or states must incorporate the final rule requirements. All construction sites required to obtain permit coverage must implement a range of erosion and sediment controls and pollution prevention measures. Beginning on August 1, 2011 all sites that disturb 20 or more acres of land at one time are required to comply with the turbidity limitation. On February 2, 2014 the limitation applies to all construction sites disturbing 10 or more acres of land at one time. These sites must sample stormwater discharges and comply with a numeric limitation for turbidity. The limitation is 280 NTU (nephelometric turbidity units).
The December 1, Federal Register notice for the final rule contains incorrect compliance dates for the turbidity limitation for sites disturbing 20 or more acres at one time. This error appears on page 63050 of the preamble to the final rule as well as in the rule text at 450.22(a) on page 63058. Both the preamble and the rule incorrectly state this date as August 2, 2010. The correct date is August 1, 2011. A correction notice to address this error was published on March 8, 2010.
- News Brief (November 23, 2009)
- Fact Sheet on Final Construction and Development ELGs and NSPS (November 2009) (PDF) (2 pp, 23K)
- Construction and Development Final Rule (December 1, 2009) | PDF Version (64 pp, 354K)
- Final Rule Correction Notice (March 8, 2010) | PDF Version (2 pp, 49K)
- Fact Sheet on Correction Notice (PDF) (1 pg, 24K) (March, 2010)
- Regulations.gov docket (docket# EPA-HQ-OW-2008-0465)
- Development Document for Final Effluent Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Category, Volume 1 (PDF) (266 pp, 5.57MB)
- Economic Analysis of Final Effluent Limitation Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Industry (PDF) (333 pp, 4.95MB)
- Environmental Impact and Benefits Assessment for Final Effluent Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Category (PDF) (374 pp, 4.55MB)
Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.
Proposed Effluent Guidelines
- Development Document for Proposed Effluent Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Category, Volume 1 (PDF) (324 pp, 2.6MB)
- Development Document for Proposed Effluent Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Category, Appendices (PDF) (314 pp, 2.6MB)
- Economic Analysis of Proposed Effluent Limitation Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Industry (PDF) (266 pp, 1.5MB)
- Environmental Impact and Benefits Assessment for Proposed Effluent Guidelines and Standards for the Construction and Development Category (PDF) (253 pp, 2.6MB)
Status Reports to Court
- Injunction: December 1, 2006 (PDF) (3 pp, 89K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: March 2007 (PDF) (3 pp, 28K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: July 2007 (PDF) (3 pp, 27K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: November 2007 (PDF) (5 pp, 46K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: April 2008 (PDF) (4 pp, 56K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: August 2008 (PDF) (2 pp, 26K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: November 2008 (PDF) (3 pp, 34K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: April 2009 (PDF) (4 pp, 74K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: August 2009 (PDF) (2 pp, 282K)
- EPA Status Report to Court: November 2009 (PDF) (2 pp, 325K)
Related EPA Information
- NPDES Permit Program—Stormwater Discharges from Construction Activities
- National Menu of Stormwater Best Management Practices
- Preliminary Study of Urban Stormwater Best Management Practices (1999)
For additional information regarding construction and development industry effluent guidelines, please see construction and development contacts.
EPA issued a proposed C&D rule in 2002 and withdrew the proposal in 2004. Documents on these actions are provided for reference purposes only.
Final Action — Notice of Withdrawal
- Federal Register Notice (April 26, 2004)
- Support Documents:
2002 Proposed Rule
- Federal Register Notice (June 24, 2002)
- Support Documents: