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Water: Animal Feeding

Effluent Guidelines

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Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO) Final Rule

Supporting Documents for the CAFO Final Rule

Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

Proposed Rule Supporting Documents

  • Development Document describes the technical basis for regulation, description of industry, handling and treatment technologies and best management practices.
    • Cover, Contents, Chapters 1-4 (PDF) (894K)
      1. Introduction and Legal Authority
      2. Summary and Scope of Proposed Regulations
      3. Data Collection Activities
      4. Industry Profiles
    • Chapters 5 - 7 (PDF) (20K)
      1. Industry Subcategorization for Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards
      2. Wastewater Characterization and Manure Characteristics
      3. Pollutants of Interest
    • Chapter 8 (PDF) (1.3 MB)
      1. Treatment Technologies and Best Management Practices
    • Chapters 9-11 (PDF) (1.2MB)
      1. NPDES Regulatory Options
      2. Technology Options Considered
      3. Model Farms and Costs of Technology Bases for Regulation
    • Chapters 12-14 (PDF) (733K)
      1. Pollutant Reduction Estimates
      2. Non-Water Quality Impacts
      3. Glossary
  • Cost Methodology Report for Swine and Poultry Sectors (PDF) (EPA-821-R-01-018, January 2001; 1.1MB)
  • Cost Methodology Report for Beef and Dairy Animal Feeding Operations (PDF) (EPA-821-R-01-019, January 2001; 1.1MB)
  • Economic Analysis of the Proposed Revisions to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Regulation and the Effluent Guidelines for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (EPA-821-R-01-001, January 2001)
    • Cover, Contents, Summary, Sections 1-5 (PDF) (821K)
      1. Introduction
      2. Profile of the Livestock and Poultry Industries
      3. Proposed CAFO Regulations
      4. Methodology for Estimating Compliance Costs and Economic Impacts
      5. Total Costs and Economic Impacts of the Proposed CAFO Regulations (all subcategories)
    • Sections 6-11 (PDF) (746K)
      1. Summary of Economic Impacts: Poultry Subcategories
      2. Summary of Economic Impacts: Hog Subcategory
      3. Summary of Economic Impacts: Beef and Dairy Subcategories
      4. Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
      5. Other Regulatory Analysis Requirements
      6. References
    • Appendices (PDF) (536K)
  • Environmental and Economic Benefit Analysis of Proposed Revisions to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Regulation and the Effluent Guidelines for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (EPA-821-R-01-002, January 2001)
  • Environmental Assessment of Proposed Revisions to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Regulation and the Effluent Guidelines for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (EPA-821-B-01-001, January 2001)

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