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Water: Watershed Central

Design an Implementation Program - Evaluation Process

There are two primary reasons to evaluate your watershed program. First, you want to be able to prove, or demonstrate, that by implementing the management measures, you are achieving your water quality goals. Second, you want to be able to continually improve your program in terms of efficiency and quality.

What Parts of Your Program Should You Evaluate?

In general, you will evaluate three major parts of your watershed implementation program to be able to demonstrate progress and make improvements in your program. You need to structure your evaluation framework to consider all three components (inputs, outputs, and outcomes) and develop indicators that will measure each.

Using a Logic Model to Develop an Evaluation Framework

Many programs use a logic model (see Figure 12-1 below) to set up and evaluate their programs. The model is an important tool in the adaptive management process because it allows you to better document the results you find and helps you determine what worked and why. Logic models have been used for years in social programs and are now being used in the context of watershed management.

Figure 12-1. Logic model components.

Evaluation Methods

You will use various methods and tools to evaluate your watershed program, such as baseline surveys, focus groups, direct measurements, and stakeholder interviews

Timing of Evaluation

Once you know what you want to evaluate and how you will collect the information and develop a timeline for evaluation.


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