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Water: Estuaries and Coastal Watersheds

San Juan Bay

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Summary Information

Year Established: 1992
Location: Puerto Rico
Area of Watershed: 242 square kilometers
Priority Management Issues:
toxics
pathogens
habitat loss/alteration
species loss/decline
freshwater inflow
sedimantation
floatable debris
Major Habitat Types:
reefs (coral)
lagoon/shallow open water
rocky intertidal/subtidal
beach/dune
sand/mud/salt flats
salt/brackish marsh
freshwater marsh (tidal)
mangrove
forested wetland
freshwater lakes/ponds
Federally Endangered or Threatened Species:
birds:
brown pelican
least tern
peregrine falcon
roseate tern
yellow-shouldered blackbird
western snowy plover
reptiles:
leatherback sea turtle

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Overviews and Highlights

San Juan Bay Estuary has a unique role to play in the NEP. The first tropical island estuary to take part in the program, it contains coral communities, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests- all habitats designated critical areas. The estuary is one of the many tropical areas trying to balance economic needs and resource protection through environmentally sensitive tourism. Information gained and lessons learned in this NEP can help other tropical estuaries in the United States and the Caribbean.


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