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Water: Estuaries and Coastal Watersheds

San Francisco Estuary (NEP Profile)

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Summary Information

Year Established: 1987
Location: California
Area of Watershed: 177,699 square kilometers

Priority Management Issues:
legacy pollutants
habitat loss/alteration
species loss/decline
fisheries loss/decline
introduced/pest species
quantity of freshwater inflow
promoting green stormwater management
climate change planning

Major Habitat Types:
submerged aquatic vegetation
reefs (rocky)
lagoon/shallow open water
rocky intertidal/subtidal
beach/dune (vegetated)
sand/mud/salt flats
salt/brackish marsh
freshwater marsh (tidal and non-tidal)
seasonal wetland
salt ponds
freshwater lakes/ponds
grass/open field
non-wetland forest
riparian/riverine (forested, tidal & floodplain)
diked historic baylands

Federally Endangered or Threatened Species:
salt marsh harvest mouse
San Joaquin kit fox
southern sea otter
Steller (northern) sea-lion

Aleutian Canada goose
American peregrine falcon
bald eagle
California brown pelican
California clapper rail
California least tern
marbled murrelet
northern spotted owl
western snowy plover

giant garter snake
green sea turtle
leatherback sea turtle
loggerhead sea turtle
olive (Pacific) ridley sea turtle
San Francisco garter snake

California red-legged frog
central California steelhead
coho salmon
delta smalt
south central California steelhead
tidewater goby
winter-run chinook salmon

bay checkerspot butterfly
delta green ground beetle
Lange's metalmark butterfly
mission blue butterfly
Myrtle's silverspot butterfly
San Bruno elfin butterfly
valley elderberry longhorn beetle

California freshwater shrimp
Conservancy fairy shrimp
longhorn fairy shrimp
vernal pool fairy shrimp
vernal pool tadpole shrimp

Antioch Dunes evening-primrose
Baker's stickyseed
beach layia
Burke's goldfields
California sea blite
Colusa grass
Contra Costa goldfields
Contra Costa wallflower
coyote ceanothus
few-flowered navarretia
foutnain thistle
Greene's tuctoria
large-flowered fiddleneck
many-flowered navarretia
Marin dwarf-flax
marsh sandwort
Metcalf Canyon jewelflower
palmate-bracted bird's beak
Pennell's bird's-beak
Presidio clarkia
Presidio manzanita
Pt. Reyes clover lupine
robust spineflower
Sacramento Orcutt grass
salt marsh bird's beak
San Mateo thornmint
San Mateo woolly sunflower
Santa Clara Valley dudleya
Santa Cruz cypress
Sebastopol meadowfoam
slender Orcutt grass
Solano grass
Sonoma spineflower
Tiburon jewelflower
Tiburon mariposa lily
Tiburon paintbrush
Tidestrom's clover lupine
white-rayed pentachaeta

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Overviews and Highlights

SFEP has directly assisted in the drafting the aquatic invasive species plan for California; creation and support of the urban pesticides pollution prevention project, a boater education effort aimed at reducing direct sewage pollution into the bay; development and sponsoring of nine State of the Estuary conferences, publication of 17 years of the highly regarded Estuary newsletter, creation and or support of a wide array of public information materials including the first State of the Bay report and a series of fact sheets, booklets, videos, films, brochures and other products developed over the years to educate the public and decision-makers about the estuary.

SFEP has facilitated millions of dollars of funding for restoration project work, conducting key studies, and programs such as methylmercury and low D.O. investigations in Suisun Marsh, low impact development pilot projects, development of the Stream and Wetlands Protection Policy for the State and Regional Water Boards, supporting the Baylands and Subtidal Habitat Goals projects, and many more efforts. Current projects are described on the Partnerships Web site.

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