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Water: Estuaries and Coastal Watersheds

Mobile Bay (NEP Profile)


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Summary Information

Year Established: 1995
Location: Alabama
Area of Watershed: 115,467 square kilometers

Priority Management Issues:
sedimentation
human population growth
species loss/decline
habitat loss/alteration
pathogens
non-point source pollution
point source pollution

Major Habitat Types:
submerged aquatic vegetation (seagrass)
reefs (artificial)
barriar islands/sand bars
lagoon/shallow open water
shellfish growing areas
beach/dune (bare & vegetated)
sand/mud/salt flats
salt/brackish marsh
freshwater marsh (tidal & non-tidal)
forested wetland
seasonal wetland
freshwater lakes/ponds
grass/open field
non-wetland forest
riparian/riverine (forested, tidal, & flood plain)
abandoned agricultural

Federally Endangered or Threatened Species:
mammals:
Alabama beach mouse
West Indian manatee
birds:
bald eagle
peregrine falcon
piping plover
red-cockaded woodpecker
wood stork
fish:
Gulf sturgeon
insects:
American burrying beetle
reptiles:
Alabama red-bellied turtle
eastern indigo snake
gopher tortoise
loggerhead sea turtle
plants:
Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant
American chaffseed
Louisiana quillwort
Mohr's Barbara's buttons

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Overviews and Highlights

The Mobile Bay National Estuary Program is a successful partnership of local and state government agencies, the business community and conservation groups. The program released its draft Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan (CCMP) in 2001 and is currently awaiting approval from the Governor of Alabama for final submission to the EPA. The CCMP is a collaboration of the community focusing on the following five issues important to the peoples of Coastal Alabama: water quality, living resources, habitat management, human uses, and education and public involvement. Implementation of the management plan has already begun through collaboration with several state agencies. Additional action plan implementation will focus on greater community involvement through environmental education and outreach projects.


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