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Water: Estuaries and Coastal Watersheds

Galveston Bay (NEP Profile)


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Summary Information

Year Established: 1988
Location: Texas
Area of Watershed: 63,306 square kilometers

Priority Management Issues:
habitat loss/alteration
conventional pollutants
freshwater inflow

Major Habitat Types:
sumberged aquatic vegetation (sea grass)
reefs (oyster)
barrier islands/sand bars
lagoon/shallow open water
shellfish growing areas
beach/dune (vegetated)
sand/mud/salt flats
salt/brackish marsh
freshwater marsh (non-tidal)
riparian/riverine (tidal and floodplain)

Federally Endangered or Threatened Species:
birds:
bald eagle
brown pelican
peregrine falcon
piping plover
reptiles:
green sea turtle
Kemp's ridley sea turtle
leatherback sea turtle
loggerhead sea turtle

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Overviews and Highlights

Subsidence, development, and shoreline erosion have contributed to the highest priority problem in Galveston Bay-- loss of habitat. The Galveston Bay Estuary Program is coordinating with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to incorporate innovative methods for oyster reef and wetland construction. The goals of this project are habitat enhancement and shoreline erosion protection. The techniques developed during this project have bay-wide applications to enhance bay resources.


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