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Water: Microbial

References - Thesaurus of Terms Used in Microbial Risk Assessment

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AAS 1999 – Good Prospects Ahead for Data Mining Glossary.  Australian Academy of Science (downloaded July 7, 2005).  http://www.science.org.au/nova/050/050glo.htm.

AIHA 2000 – Risk Assessment Principles for the Industrial Hygienist (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Michael Jayjock, Jerry Lynch, and Deborah Nelson.  American Industrial Hygiene Association.  Fairfax, VA.  American Industrial Hygiene Association Press. 

APHA 1995 – Control of Communicable Diseases Manual.  (as cited in ILSI 2000).  Ed: AS Benenson, Washington DC, American Public Health Association, 1995.

ATSDR 2004 –ATSDR Glossary of Terms.  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated June 21, 2004).  http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/glossary.html

Besnard 2002 – Besnard, V; Federighi, M; Declerq, E; Jugiau, F; Cappelier, J-M. (2002) VBNC State in Listeria monocytogenes. Vet. Res. 33:359–370.  http://www.edpsciences.org/articles/vetres/pdf/2002/04/03.pdf?access=ok

Brooks 2001 – Brooks, E.B.  2001.  Acquiring Statistics: Techniques and Concepts for Historians, Glossary (downloaded July 7, 2005; not accessible 11/10/2006).

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Buchanan 2000 – Buchanan, R.L., Smith, J.L., & Long, W. 2000. Microbial risk assessment: dose-response relations and risk characterization.  (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).  International Journal of Food Microbiology, 58: 159-172.

Burnham and Anderson 1998 –Model Selection and Inference (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).  K.P. Burnham and D.R. Anderson.  Springer.

CAC 1999 –Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment.  CAC/GL‑30.  http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/cac1999/en/index.html

CAC 2002 – Procedural Manual of the Codex Alimentarius Commission.  Twelfth Edition.  Rome, Italy.  http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/DOCREP/005/Y2200E/y2200e00.htm.

CAC 2003 – Codex Alimentarius Commission Procedural Manual.  Thirteenth edition.  Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/DOCREP/006/Y4971E/y4971e00.htm.

CancerWEB 2005 – On-line Medical Dictionary.  CancerWeb Project (downloaded July 6, 2005).  http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd.

CARB 2000 – Glossary of Air Pollution Terms (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Sacramento, CA.  California Air Resources Board (downloaded May 5, 2005).  http://arbis.arb.ca.gov/html/gloss.htm.

CDC 2005 – Reproductive Health: Glossary. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated April 6, 2005).  http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/EpiGlossary/glossary.htm

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CENR 1999 – Ecological Risk Assessment in the Federal Government (as cited in IPCS 2001).  CENR/5-99/001.  Washington, D.C.  Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, National Science and Technology Council (downloaded May 8, 2000).  http://www.epa.gov/ncea/cenrecog.htm.

CRCWQT 2002 – Glossary of Water-Related Terms. Cooperative Research Centre for Water Quality and Treatment (downloaded July 7, 2005).  http://www.waterquality.crc.org.au/consumers/Consumersp17.htm

Dorland 1981 – Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).  Twenty-sixth edition. 1981. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.

Dorland 1984 – Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary (as cited in ILSI 2000).  Ed: D. M. Anderson, Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co.

EC 1995 – 1995 Expert Consultation Definition on Risk Analysis (as cited in CAC 1999, FAO/WHO 2003b).

EDVCB 2000 – Environmental Economics Glossary (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Long Beach.  Environmental Damage Valuation and Cost Benefit Website (downloaded May, 10, 2000, last updated January 20, 2000; not accessible 11/10/2006).

EPA 1992 – Guidelines for Exposure Assessment.  EPA/600/Z-92/001.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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EPA 1995a – Ecological Restoration.  Chapter 8 Glossary.  EPA/841/F-95-007.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (downloaded July 8, 2005; last updated August 18, 2003).  http://www.epa.gov/owow/nps/Ecology/chap8.html

EPA 1995b – The Use of the Benchmark Dose Approach in Health Risk Assessment.  EPA/630/R-94/007.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Assessment Forum.

EPA 1997a – Exposure Factors Handbook.  EPA/600/P-95/002Fa-Fc.  http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/raf/recordisplay.cfm?PrintVersion=True&deid=54500http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/efh/front.pdf

EPA 1997b – Guidance on Cumulative Risk Assessment. Part 1. Planning and Scoping.  Washington, DC.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science Policy Council.  http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/html-doc/cumrisk2.htm

EPA 1998a – Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessment.  EPA/630/R-95/002F.  Federal Register 63(93):26846-26924.  [Last updated on Friday, November 10th, 2006] http://www.erg.com/portfolio/elearn/ecorisk/html/resource/glossary.html.

EPA 1998b – Occupational and Residential Exposure Test Guidelines: Group B Post application Exposure Monitoring Test Guidelines.  EPA/875/5.4.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA 1999a – Residual Risk Report to Congress (as cited in EPA 2004).  EPA453R99001.

EPA 1999b – Superfund Risk Assessment Glossary.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency Response and Remediation (downloaded May 5, 2000, last updated March 30, 1999).  http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/glossary.htm

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EPA 2003 – Integrated Risk Information, Glossary of IRIS terms. Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (downloaded July 8, 2005).  [http://www.epa.gov/iris/gloss8.htm.

EPA 2004 – Air Toxics Risk Assessment Reference Library: Volume 1 Technical Resource Manual.  EPA/453/K-04-001A.  http://www.epa.gov/ttn/fera/risk_atra_main.html. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/fera/data/risk/vol_1/glossary.pdf.

EPA 2005a – Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment.  EPA/630/P-03/001B.  http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=116283.

EPA 2005b – Terms of Environment: Glossary, Abbreviations and Acronyms.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated June 13, 2005).  http://www.epa.gov/OCEPAterms/

EPA 2005c – Aquatic Resource Monitoring & Design Terminology Terms.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (downloaded July 8, 2005; last updated July 8, 2005).  http://www.epa.gov/nheerl/arm/terms.htm.

EPA 2005d – Glossary of Health, Exposure, and Risk Assessment Terms and Definitions of Acronyms.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Technology Transfer Network Air Toxics Website (downloaded July 8, 2005).  http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/hapglossaryrev.html

EPA 2005e – Pesticides Glossary (Updated August 1, 2005 Downloaded November 18, 2005) http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/glossary/index.html

EPA 2005f – Methodology for Deriving Microbial Ambient Water Quality Criteria for the Protection of Human Health (November 2005 draft) Office of Water, HECD.

EPA 2006. – Biosolids – Frequently Asked Questions.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (downloaded October 31, 2006; last updated March 8, 2006). http://www.epa.gov/owm/mtb/biosolids/genqa.htm

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ESOMAR 2001 – ESOMAR Marketing Research Glossary (downloaded July 8, 2005). http://www.esomar.org/web/show/id=45051

FAO/WHO 1995 – Application of Risk Analysis to Food Standards Issues. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation, Geneva, Switzerland, 13–17 March 1995.  (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).  WHO, Geneva.

FAO/WHO 1997 – Food Consumption and Exposure Assessment of Chemicals, Report of a FAO/WHO Consultation (as cited in IPCS 2001).  WHO/FSF/FOS/97.5.  Geneva, Switzerland. 

FAO/WHO 2003a – Assuring Food Safety and Quality: Guidelines for Strengthening National Food Control Systems, Annex 1 Glossary (downloaded July 11, 2005).  http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/capacity/en/Englsih_Guidelines_Food_control.pdf

FAO/WHO 2003b – Microbiological Risk Assessment Series, No. 3 Hazard Characterization for Pathogens in Food and Water, Guidelines.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.  World Health Organization (downloaded July 11, 2005).  http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2003/9241562374.pdf

FDA 2001 – The A to Z Comprehensive List of Terms.  U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated September 2001).  http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/a2z-term.html.

FDA 2002 –Initiation and Conduct of All ‘Major’ Risk Assessments within a Risk Analysis Framework: A Report by the CFSAN Risk Analysis Working Group.  U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated July 23, 2002).   http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/rafw-toc.html#gloss.

Floridi 2003 – Floridi, L.  2003.  Glossary of Technical Terms. The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Computing and Information (downloaded July 7, 2005).  http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/pci/downloads/Glossary.pdf

FSA 2005 – Food Standards Agency, Glossary of Terms (downloaded June 2005).  http://www.food.gov.uk/safereating/pesticides/pesticidesglossary/

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Gregg 1996 – Gregg, M., Dicker, R.C., & Goodman, R.A. (eds). 1996. Field epidemiology. (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b). New York NY: Oxford Press. 

ILSI 2000 –Revised Framework for Microbial Risk Assessment.  International Life Sciences Institute Risk Science Institute workshop report.  http://www.ilsi.org/file/mrabook.pdf

ILSI 2001 – Principles of Risk Assessment of Food and Drinking Water Related to Human Health.  ILSI Europe Concise Monograph Series.   http://www.ilsi.org/file/ILSIcmRA.pdf.

  1. IOM 2002 –Immunizations Safety Review Multiple Immunizations and Immune Dysfunction. National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine.

IPCS 2001 – Glossary of Exposure Assessment-Related Terms: A Compilation.  http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/methods/harmonization/en/compilation_nov2001.pdf.

IPCS 2004 – International Programme on Chemical Safety.  IPCS risk assessment terminology: Part 2.  IPCS Glossary of Key Exposure Assessment Terminology.  http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/methods/harmonization/en/compilation_nov2001.pdf.

IPCS/OECD 2004 – IPCS/OECD Key Generic Terms Used in Chemical/Hazard Risk Assessment.  http://www.who.int/ipcs/methods/harmonization/areas/en/ipcsterminologyparts1and2.pdf.

Jenkins 2004 – JenkinsTM, Scott TM, Cole JR, Hashsham SA, Rose JB. (2004) Assessment of virulence-factor activity relationships (VFARs) for waterborne diseases. Water Sci Technol.50(1):309-14.

Jones 2006 – Jones and Bartlett Virtual Text Lifescience Glossary Downloaded November 10, 2006. http://www.ergito.com/glossary.jsp

KIWA 2004 – The Interaction Between Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment and Risk Management in the Water Safety Plan.  Kiwa Water Research/Delft University.

Last 1983 – A Dictionary of Epidemiology (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Ed: J. M. Last.  ISBN 0-19-503257-8.  International Epidemiological Association, Inc.  New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Last 1988 – A Dictionary of Epidemiology.  2nd edition (as cited in ILSI 2000)  Ed: J. M. Last, New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Last 1995 – A Dictionary of Epidemiology. 3rd ed. (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b)  Ed: J. M. Last, New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

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Marsh 1996 – Marsh, Norman.  1996.  A Glossary of Statistics (In Particular, Re-Randomisation Statistics).  Version 1.0 (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).  http://linkage.rockefeller.edu/wli/glossary/stat.html

Meynell and Stocker 1957 – Some hypotheses on the aetiology of fatal infections in partially resistant hosts and their application to mice challenged with Salmonella paratyphi-B or Salmonella typhimurium by intraperitoneal injection. Journal of General Microbiology, 16:38-58. (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).

MERREA 2005 – Glossary of Risk Management. Managing Effective Risk Response: An Ecological Approach (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated July 2005). 

Navy 2002 – Risk Communication: Navy Health Operational and Environmental Issues Glossary. Navy Environmental Health Center, Environmental Programs Directorate (downloaded July 7, 2005; last updated August 1, 2002).

Navy 2003 – Navy Guidance for Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments Glossary (downloaded July 7, 2005; last updated February 27, 2003).  http://web.ead.anl.gov/ecorisk/glossary/index.cfm

NCSU 1997 – Watershedds Glossary.  Watershedds (WATER, Soil, and Hydro_ Environmental Decision Support System) (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Raleigh.  NCSU Water Quality Group, North Carolina State University (downloaded October 15, 1997; not accessible 11/10/2006).

NIAID 2000 – HIV Vaccine Glossary (as cited in IPCS 2001). National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (downloaded May 5, 2000).  http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/GLOSSARY.htm.

NIST 2005 – Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures.  National Institute of Standards and Technology (downloaded July 7, 2005; last updated June 2, 2005).  http://www.nist.gov/dads/. ]

NIST/SEMATECH 2005a – e-Handbook of Statistical Methods.  National Institute of Standards and Technology/SEMATECH (downloaded July 6, 2005).  http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/index.htm.

NIST/SEMATECH 2005b – e-Handbook of Statistical Methods Glossary.  National Institute of Standards and Technology/SEMATECH (downloaded July 6, 2005).  http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/glossary.htm.

NLM 2005 –  National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (as cited in CancerWEB 2005).

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NLM/NICHSR 2004 – HTA 101: Glossary. National Library of Medicine/National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (downloaded July 6 2005; last updated August 18, 2004).  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101014.html.

NRC 1983 – Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process (as cited in IPCS 2001).  ISBN: 0-309-03349-7.  Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC 1991 –Human Exposure Assessment for Airborne Pollutants (as cited in IPCS 2001). National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC.]

NSWEPA 2004 – New South Wales Environment Protection Authority, Environmental Guidelines for Waste http://www.epa.nsw.gov.au/waste/envguidlns/compostingglossary.htm

NYDOH 1999 – Glossary of Environmental Health Terms (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Troy, NY.  New York State Department of Health, Center for Environmental Health, Education Unit (downloaded May 5, 2000, last updated November 1, 1999).  http://www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/consumer/environ/toxglos.htm

NYS 1998 – Cost-Benefit Handbook: A Guide for New York State’s Regulatory Agencies Appendix A Glossary.  New York State Governor’s Office of Regulatory Reform (downloaded July 8, 2005).  http://www.gorr.state.ny.us/gorr/cba-glossary.html.

NZ 2002 – Freshwater Microbiology Research Programme Report: Pathogen Occurrence and Human Health Risk Assessment Analysis.  New Zealand.  Ministry for the Environment.  http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/water/freshwater-microbiology-nov02/freshwater-microbiology-appendices-nov02.pdf.

OAQPS 1989 – Air Risk Information Support Center, OAQPS, March 1989: Glossary of Terms Related to Health, Exposure, and Risk Assessment (as cited in EPA 2004).  EPA/450/3-88/016.

OECD 1997 – Series on Testing and Assessment No. 9: Guidance Document for the Conduct of Occupational Exposure to Pesticides During Agricultural Application (as cited in IPCS 2001).  OCDE/GD(97)148.  Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development.  Paris, France. 

OMAF 1997 – A General Risk Assessment Framework Food Safety Risk Assessment.  Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs.  (downloaded July 6, 2005; not accessible 11/10/2006).  http://www.gov.on.ca/OMAFRA/english/research/risk/frameworks/as1.html#core [broken link]

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OSTP 1986 – Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy. 

Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology, 51 FR 23302, June 26, 1986 http://usbiotechreg.nbii.gov/Coordinated_Framework_1986_Federal_Register.html

  1. Payment & Riley 2002 – Resolving the Global Burden of Illness: A Call to Action.  American Academy of Microbiologists, American Society of Microbiology.
  2.  Queesnland Health 2005 – Endoscope Reprocessing Glossary http://www.health.qld.gov.au/EndoscopeReprocessing/Glossary.htm

RAIS 2004 – Risk Assessment Information System: Glossary of Useful Terms Found in Risk Assessment.  http://rais.ornl.gov/homepage/glossary.shtml

REAP 1995 – Residential Exposure Assessment Project (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Washington, D.C.  A joint project of the Society for Risk Analysis, International Society of Exposure Analysis, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, with support from the Chemical Manufacturers Association and Procter & Gamble.

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RERF 1999 – Radiation Effects Research Foundation Glossary (as cited in IPCS 2001).  Hiroshima, Japan.  Radiation Effects Research Foundation (downloaded May 4, 2000, last update August 18, 1999).  http://www.rerf.or.jp/eigo/titles/gloshmpg.htm.

RRTC-PBS 2003 – Positive Behavior Support Glossary.  Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Positive Behavior Support of the University of South Florida (downloaded July 7, 2005; last updated May 9, 2003).  http://rrtcpbs.fmhi.usf.edu/rrtcpbsweb/glossary.htm.

SRA 2004 – Glossary of Risk Analysis Terms. Society for Risk Analysis (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated December 1, 2004). [NOTE: this glossary has not been officially adopted or endorsed by SRA].  http://www.sra.org/resources_glossary.php.

Stedman 2005 – Stedman’s Online Medical Dictionary (downloaded July 6, 2005).  http://www.stedmans.com/section.cfm/45

STEPS 1997 – Glossary.  Statistical Education through Problem Solving (downloaded July 6, 2005; last updated September 1997).  http://www.stats.gla.ac.uk/steps/glossary/index.html.

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Swinton 1999 – Swinton, Jonathan.  1999.  A Dictionary of Epidemiology (as cited in IPCS 2001).  University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K.  (downloaded May 4, 2000, last update: November 12, 1999; not accessible 11/10/2006).  http://www.kings.cam.ac.uk/~js229/glossary.html

TAFBERP 2005 – Travis Air Force Base Environmental Restoration Program Glossary (downloaded July 8, 2005).  http://www.travis.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-060419-084.PDF

Toma 1999 – Dictionary of Veterinary Epidemiology. (as cited in ILSI 2000)  Eds: B. Toma et al. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press

USDA 2004 – United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, A Safe Food Supply Glossary.  Some terms adapted from: Prevention Effectiveness: A Guide to Decision Analysis and Economic Evaluation.  Haddix, A. C., S. M. Teutsch, P. A. Shaffer, and D. O. Duñet, eds. New York, NY: Oxford University Press (last updated July 22, 2004).  http://www.ers.usda.gov/emphases/safefood/glossary.htm.

USDOT 1996 Probabilistic Risk Analysis for Turnkey Construction: A Case Study; Final Report; Glossary.  FTA-MD-26-7001-96-2.  U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Office of Planning (downloaded July 8, 2005).  http://www.fta.dot.gov/library/planning/prob/glossary.html.

USNRC 2005 – Basic References: Glossary.  U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (downloaded July 8, 2005; last updated January 19, 2005).  http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/basic-ref/glossary.html.

Weisstein/MathWorld 2002 Weisstein, E.W.  Algorithm.  MathWorld A Wolfram Web Resource (downloaded July 6, 2005).  http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Algorithm.html.

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Weisstein/MathWorld 2003 Weisstein, E.W.  Logistic Distribution.  MathWorld A Wolfram Web Resource (downloaded July 8, 2005). http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LogisticDistribution.html.

Weisstein/MathWorld 2005a Weisstein, E.W.  Pareto Distribution.  MathWorld A Wolfram Web Resource (downloaded July 8, 2005). http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ParetoDistribution.html.

Weisstein/MathWorld 2005b Weisstein, E.W.  Triangular Distribution.  From MathWorld A Wolfram Web Resource (downloaded July 8, 2005).  http://mathworld.wolfram.com/TriangularDistribution.html.

WHO 1994 Assessing Human Health Risks of Chemicals: Derivation of Guidance Values for Health Based Exposure Limits (as cited in (FAO/WHO 2003b)).  Environmental Health Criteria, No. 170.

WHO 1999 Risk Assessment Terminology: Methodological Considerations and Provisional Results (as cited in FAO/WHO 2003b).  Report on a WHO Rxperiment. Terminology Standardization and Harmonization, Vol. 2, Nos. 1-4.

World Bank 2004 The Disability-Adjusted Life Year (Daly) Definition, Measurement and Potential Use.  World Bank, Human Capital Development and Operations Policy Working Paper (downloaded July 6, 2005).  http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/hnp/hddflash/workp/wp_00068.html. 

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