Water: Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments
F. Fueling Station Design Management Measure
Design fueling stations to allow for ease in cleanup of spills.
This management measure is intended to be applied by States to new and expanding marinas where fueling stations are to be added or moved. Under the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990, States are subject to a number of requirements as they develop coastal nonpoint source programs in conformity with this measure and will have some flexibility in doing so. The application of management measures by States is described more fully in Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program: Program Development and Approval Guidance, published jointly by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Spillage is a source of petroleum hydrocarbons in marinas (USEPA, 1985a). Most petroleum-based fuels are lighter than water and thus float on the water's surface. This property allows for their capture if petroleum containment equipment is used in a timely manner.
Selection of this measure is based on the preference for pollution prevention in the design of marinas rather than reliance on control of material that is released without forethought as to how it will be cleaned up. The possibility of spills during fueling operations always exists. Therefore, arrangements should be made to contain pollutants released from fueling operations to minimize the spread of pollutants through and out of the marina.
As discussed more fully at the beginning of this chapter and in Chapter 1, the following practices are described for illustrative purposes only. State programs need not require implementation of these practices. However, as a practical matter, EPA anticipates that the management measure set forth above generally will be implemented by applying one or more management practices appropriate to the source, location, and climate. The practices set forth below have been found by EPA to be representative of the types of practices that can be applied successfully to achieve the management measure described above.
- a. Locate and design fueling stations so that spills can be contained in a limited area.
The location and design of the fueling station should allow for booms to be deployed to surround a fuel spill. Pollutant reduction effectiveness and the cost of the design of fueling areas are difficult to quantify. When designing a new marina, the additional costs of ensuring that the design incorporates effective cleanup considerations should be minimal.
- b. Design a Spill Contingency Plan.
A Spill Contingency Plan must be developed for fuel storage and dispensation areas. The plan must meet local and State requirements and must include spill emergency procedures, including health and safety, notification, and spill containment and control procedures. Marina personnel must be properly trained in spill containment and control procedures.
- c. Design fueling stations with spill containment equipment.
Appropriate containment and control materials must be stored in a clearly marked, easily accessible cabinet or locker. The cabinet or locker must contain absorbent pads and booms, fire extinguishers, a copy of the Spill Contingency Plan, and other equipment deemed suitable. Easily used effective oil spill containment equipment is readily available from commercial suppliers. Booms that can be strung around the spill, absorb up to 25 times their weight in petroleum products, and remain floating after saturation are available at a cost of approximately $160 for four booms 8 inches in diameter and 10 feet long with a weight of 40 pounds (Lab Safety, 1991). Oil-absorbent sheets, rolls, and pillows are also available at comparable prices.