Water: Infrastructure Financing
EPA helps to finance the country’s water infrastructure needs through the Drinking Water and Clean Water State Revolving Fund Programs.
- Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) Program Provides funding for drinking water systems to finance infrastructure improvements. Emphasis is placed on funds to small and disadvantaged communities and to programs that encourage pollution prevention.
- Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) Program Provides funding for the construction of municipal wastewater facilities and implementation of nonpoint source pollution control and estuary protection projects.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provided significant funding for states to finance high priority water infrastructure projects through a $2 billion appropriation to the DWSRF program and a $4 billion appropriation to the CWSRF program. EPA's CWSRF & DWSRF ARRA Implementation webpage provides information on the status of ARRA implementation as well as guidance and resources for states and other stakeholders.
Additional Infrastructure Financing Resources:
Below are additional programs and tools to assist communities in financing their water infrastructure investments.
- USDA's Water and Environmental Programs—U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Development
- HUD's Community Development Block Grant Program—U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
- EPA's Financing for Environmental Compliance—Water Resources and Tools
- EPA's Tools for Financing Water Infrastructure (PDF) (55 pp, 236K, About PDF)